The Muslims had extraordinary contributions to mathematics as they had to other branches of science. The Muslim scholars who made incomparable contributions to this subject were Al-Beruni, Nasiruddin Tusi, Umar khayyam, Abdullah-al-Battani and Musa Al-Kharimi etc.

Al Beruni was world world famous for mathematics. His book ‘Al-Quran al Masudi’ is called the encyclopedia of mathematics. In that book there are excellent scientific discussions on various minute, complicated and mathematical problems of geometry, trigonometry, calculus etc. in that book, he described about the measurements of the earth which has been remaining established as a scientific truth till today.*Umar Khayyam*

Umar Khayyam was a mathematician of the first grade. His book ‘Kitabulijbar’ ia a world famous book on mathematics. In that book, he described much about cubic-equation. He described the probable and improbable practical ways of the problem-solving questions. In this respect, he had shown more proficiency than the Greeks.

Musa AAl Kharizmi

The most famous person in mathematics was Muhammad Inn Musa Al-Kharizmi. He is called the father of Algebra, mathematics. He made the study of science easily accessible to the Muslims by translating many Greek and Indian scientific books into Arabic.

He translated into Arabic the book on astronomy ‘Shiddhanto’ written in Sanskrit. He and some of his geologist comrades prepared ‘Surat Al-Ardh’ or a real feature of the earth. Afterwards it was accepted as a model for drawing the map of the world. The knowledge acquired by dharizmi about drawing the map of the world. The radius axis, longitude to the earth and astronomy helped the geographers as guidelines when they divided this earth in seven continents. The first inventor algebra was Al-Kharizmi. According to the name of his book on this subject ‘Hisab Aljabar wal Muqabalah’, the Europeans afterwards named this subject algebra. In this book of kharizmi more than eight hundred examples of various types are incorporated. He invented six formulas for solving equations. The book of Kharizmi was translated into Latin in the twelvth century. And from that time upon the sixteenth century it was considered the best and authentic book in the European universities. He also wrote a famous book on arithmetic which was translated into Latin afterwards.

The contribution to different mathematical formulas invented by Al-Kharizmi has helped the development of modern mathematics which has helped various developments and inventions in different branches of science.

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Contributions to mathematics

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